The hottest 16 departments join forces to stimulat

2022-08-04
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16 departments work together to stimulate private investment in manufacturing enterprises to enter the spring

Abstract: in this regard, the guiding opinions put forward eight main tasks to improve the transformation and upgrading of the private manufacturing industry, including improving the innovation and development capacity, improving the integration level of informatization and industrialization, participating in the improvement of industrial basic capacity, improving the quality brand level Promote the upgrading of green manufacturing, optimize the layout of industrial structure, promote service-oriented transformation, and encourage international development

in order to further stimulate the vitality of private investment, guide the transformation and upgrading of private manufacturing enterprises, and accelerate the construction of a manufacturing power, 16 departments including the Ministry of industry and information technology (hereinafter referred to as "the Ministry"), the development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of science and technology, and the Ministry of Finance jointly issued the guiding opinions on giving full play to the role of private investment and promoting the implementation of the strategy of building a manufacturing power (hereinafter referred to as "the guiding opinions")

the guiding opinions put forward eight major tasks to enhance the transformation and upgrading of private manufacturing industry, including "participating in the improvement of industrial basic capacity", "promoting green manufacturing upgrading" and "optimizing the layout of industrial structure", and deployed five safeguard measures, including increasing fiscal and tax support and innovating financial support methods, to stimulate the vitality of private investment and promote the development of manufacturing industry towards high-end, intelligent, green and service

the relevant person in charge of the planning department of the Ministry of industry and information technology told China first finance and economics that the ministries and commissions involved in the formulation of the guidance have a clear division of labor and will implement it step by step according to the task list and time schedule. Relevant departments may issue detailed rules and follow-up supporting policies to ensure the implementation of the guidance

eight tasks to cope with the slowdown in investment growth

since the release and implementation of made in China 2025 in may2015, remarkable achievements have been made in building a manufacturing power

according to the person in charge of relevant departments of the Ministry of industry and information technology, the number of private enterprises in the manufacturing field of elastomer modified asphalt waterproof coiled material GB 18242 ⑵ 000 made in China has reached more than 90%, and the proportion of private investment has exceeded 85%, becoming an important force to promote the development of the manufacturing industry. However, affected by multiple factors, the growth rate of private investment in manufacturing industry has slowed down significantly in recent years. In 2015, it was lower than 10% for the first time, and continued to decline to 3.6% in 2016

as for private investment, the state has deployed and issued a series of targeted policies and measures in recent years, and carried out special supervision. The growth rate of private investment has stabilized and rebounded. From January to October this year, private investment in manufacturing increased by 4.1%, 1.5 percentage points higher than that in the same period last year

xiezhenzhong, director of the Industrial Investment Research Office of the Planning Institute of CCID Research Institute, said in an interview with first finance that at present, private investment growth still faces many difficulties and obstacles, some policies to encourage private investment have not been implemented, the business environment needs to be further improved, the market openness of some monopoly industries is not enough, the problems of difficult and expensive financing still exist, and the situation of weak vitality of private investment has not been fundamentally changed

"at the same time, China's manufacturing industry is still in a period of deep adjustment, the overcapacity in traditional industries is still serious, the cost of various factors continues to rise, the profit level is low, and the private investment willingness is not strong. The development of emerging industries is still in its infancy, with high technological threshold, large capital investment, long cultivation cycle, and insufficient private investment confidence." Xiezhenzhong said

the relevant person in charge of the planning department of the Ministry of industry and information technology said that the formulation of the guiding opinions is to give full play to the role of private enterprises as the main force in the development of manufacturing industry, promote the implementation of made in China 2025, break the institutional and institutional barriers restricting private investment, stimulate the vitality of private investment, cultivate and expand new momentum, transform and improve traditional industries, and promote the development of manufacturing industry towards high-end, intelligent, green and service

in this regard, the guiding opinions, starting from the prominent problems that private enterprises have strong reactions, restrict private investment, and affect the upgrading of quality and efficiency, put forward eight main tasks to improve the transformation and upgrading of private manufacturing industry, including improving the innovation and development capacity, enhancing the integration level of informatization and industrialization, participating in the improvement of industrial basic capacity, improving the quality brand level, promoting the upgrading of green manufacturing, optimizing the layout of industrial structure Promote service-oriented transformation and encourage international development

cultivating "little giants"

although the overall strength of China's industry has reached a new level, there are still bottlenecks restricting innovation, development, transformation and upgrading. Xiezhenzhong told China first finance and economics that the supply capacity of core basic parts and key basic materials in China is not strong, and the product quality and reliability are difficult to meet the needs, which seriously affects the performance quality and brand reputation of the main engine, complete sets of equipment and complete machine products

in this regard, the guiding opinions put forward the implementation of a "package" breakthrough action, focusing on the development needs of the whole machine in key areas, focusing on the key difficulties and neck problems to be solved in the industrial basic field, selecting a number of core basic parts, key basic materials and advanced basic processes through public bidding, and formulating implementation plans. In addition, a number of specialized and new "little giant" enterprises focusing on core basic parts (components), key basic materials and advanced basic technology are cultivated

in terms of optimizing the layout of industrial structure, the opinions on guiding lithium concentrate to be transported to China in succession proposed to guide small and medium-sized enterprises to establish collaborative innovation and win-win cooperation with large state-owned enterprises through professional division of labor, service outsourcing, order production and other means. We will develop a number of specialized "little giant" enterprises, guide advantageous private enterprises to enter the field of military research, production and maintenance, and encourage and support private enterprises to participate in military civilian integration development

in view of the relative lack of scientific and technological resources and the weak transformation ability of scientific and technological achievements of private enterprises, the guiding opinions put forward the establishment of a platform for publishing and sharing scientific and technological achievements to provide project technology sources and public technical services suitable for the needs of private enterprises; We will encourage private enterprises to participate in the construction of intellectual property alliances and the formulation of standards, strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights of private enterprises, and enhance the industry voice of private enterprises

this time, the guidance also encourages private capital to enter the telecommunications industry. It is necessary to further promote the speed-up and fee reduction, and open private capital to enter the competitive business in the basic telecommunications field. In May this year, the Ministry of industry and information technology, together with the SASAC, issued the opinions on implementing the 2017 special action to further promote the acceleration and reduction of fees and promote the development of the real economy, deployed 17 specific tasks in four aspects, including "increasing investment in telecommunications infrastructure and building a high-speed and smooth network", and put forward the opinions on the timely introduction of the official commercial use of mobile resale services, so as to further expand the pilot scope of broadband access services, It has created a good policy environment for private capital to enter the telecommunications field and private enterprises to use telecommunications infrastructure

xiezhenzhong told China first finance and economics that the guiding opinions especially emphasized strengthening the guidance in key areas and provinces and cities, so as to form a pattern of dislocation and complementarity of industries and healthy and orderly development; Put forward key tasks such as technological transformation and upgrading, elimination of backward production capacity, optimization of industrial organization structure, adjustment of spatial layout of manufacturing industry, give full play to the role of industrial development carriers such as "made in China 2025" national demonstration zone and national new industrialized industry demonstration base, and form a key industry layout with reasonable resource allocation, significant agglomeration effect, favorable regional balance and ensuring industrial safety

fiscal, tax and financial assistance

in order to ensure the implementation of various work tasks, the guiding opinions put forward five safeguard measures, including improving system supply, improving public service system, improving talent incentive system, improving enterprise management level, increasing fiscal and tax support and innovating financial support methods

xiezhenzhong said that fiscal and tax policies are combined with industrial policies to guide social funds into the weakest industrial infrastructure in the real economy by supporting the development of key areas and weak links in the manufacturing industry; By supporting technological transformation in strategic, basic and public welfare fields, it can stimulate the power of transformation and upgrading of the entire industrial system; By setting up investment funds for advanced manufacturing, integrated circuits and small and medium-sized enterprises, we can leverage a large amount of social capital into key areas of national key development; By giving preference to small and medium-sized enterprises through various capital policies, it is conducive to helping small and medium-sized enterprises solve their immediate difficulties, enhance their competitiveness, and form a good industrial competition situation

in terms of fiscal and tax policies, the guiding opinions put forward that we should focus on supporting the development of key areas and weak links in the manufacturing industry, and guide private investment to participate in the construction of major projects in the manufacturing industry; We will implement preferential tax policies, give full play to the role of various industrial investment funds, encourage local governments to play a role, leverage more social resources into the industrial sector, and promote the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry

in 2016, the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of industry and information technology jointly initiated the establishment of an advanced manufacturing industry investment fund, with an initial scale of 20billion yuan, focusing on supporting the upgrading of advanced manufacturing industries, traditional industries and key industrial layout projects. At the same time, various localities have also set up industrial investment funds to absorb social capital investment and support the development of key industries in the way of market-oriented operation and professional management

the state has also issued a series of preferential tax policies. For example, on the basis of actual pre tax deduction of enterprise R & D expenses, additional deduction of 50% is allowed, the scope of R & D activities applicable to the policy of additional deduction is further relaxed, the caliber of R & D expenses is expanded, and the audit management is simplified; From January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019, the proportion of R & D expenses plus deduction of technology-based SMEs will be increased to 75%. The "four technologies" businesses such as technology transfer, technology development and related technical consulting and technical services are exempted from value-added tax

the central bank's 2016 statistical report on loan investment of financial institutions shows that the total amount of loans in 2016 increased by 13.5% over the previous year, of which business loans increased by 6.6% year-on-year, and medium and long-term industrial loans only increased by 3.1%

xiezhenzhong told first finance that carrying out industrial and financial cooperation is an important measure to further implement the State Council's "made in China 2025" and "Internet +" action plans, as well as the deployment of financial support for industrial steady growth. It is conducive to improving the efficiency of financial resource allocation, the coordinated development of industry and finance, and the mutual benefit and win-win of government, banks and enterprises

in an effort to solve the financing problems, the guidance proposes to promote the establishment of a national financing guarantee fund, promote the uneven structure of commercial products, implement the credit due diligence exemption system for small and micro enterprises, encourage banks and other financial institutions to carry out supply chain financing, and provide financial services for the upstream and downstream of the industrial chain of private manufacturing enterprises, And promote private enterprises to use the multi-level capital market for direct financing

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